Home>>Country Information>>   

Display this page in a new window                                 Bookmark this page

   
 

Turks and Caicos Islands
(overseas territory of the UK)

 
Flag of Turks and Caicos Islands
Click to enlarge
 

Coordinates:
21.75 N  71.58 W

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Turks and Caicos Islands

Click to see on Google Maps

 

Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
   Geography    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
21 45 N, 71 35 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 430 sq km
land: 430 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
389 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
spiny lobster, conch
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 2.33%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.67% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
frequent hurricanes
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
about 40 islands (eight inhabited)
   People    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21,152 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 31.9% (male 3,432/female 3,312)
15-64 years: 64.4% (male 7,155/female 6,457)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 362/female 434) (2006 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 27.5 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 26.8 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.82% (2006 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21.84 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.21 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
10.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female
total population: 1.07 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 15.18 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.55 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 74.73 years
male: 72.48 years
female: 77.08 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.05 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: none
adjective: none
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
black 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Baptist 40%, Anglican 18%, Methodist 16%, Church of God 12%, other 14% (1990)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English (official)
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98%
male: 99%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
People - note:
Definition Field Listing
destination and transit point for illegal Haitian immigrants bound for the Turks and Caicos Islands, The Bahamas, and US
   Government    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Turks and Caicos Islands
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Grand Turk
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Constitution Day, 30 August (1976)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
introduced 30 August 1976; suspended in 1986; restored and revised 5 March 1988
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on laws of England and Wales, with a few adopted from Jamaica and The Bahamas
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952), represented by Governor Richard TAUWHARE (since 11 July 2005)
head of government: Chief Minister Michael Eugene MISICK (since 15 August 2003)
cabinet: Executive Council consists of three ex officio members and five appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Legislative Council (19 seats of which 13 are popularly elected; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 24 April 2003 (next to be held in 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDM 53.8%, PNP 46.2%; seats by party - PDM 7, PNP 6; note - in by-elections held 7 August 2003, the PNP gained two seats for a majority of 8 seats; PDM now has 5
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Derek H. TAYLOR]; Progressive National Party or PNP [Michael Eugene MISICK]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the colonial shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield is yellow and contains a conch shell, lobster, and cactus
   Economy    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
The Turks and Caicos economy is based on tourism, fishing, and offshore financial services. Most capital goods and food for domestic consumption are imported. The US is the leading source of tourists, accounting for more than half of the annual 93,000 visitors in the late 1990s. Major sources of government revenue also include fees from offshore financial activities and customs receipts.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$216 million (2002 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.9% (2000 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$11,500 (2002 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4,848 (1990 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
note: about 33% in government and 20% in agriculture and fishing; significant numbers in tourism, financial, and other services
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
10% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4% (1995)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $47 million
expenditures: $33.6 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (1997-98 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
corn, beans, cassava (tapioca), citrus fruits; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, offshore financial services
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.65 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
80 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2003 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$169.2 million (2000)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
lobster, dried and fresh conch, conch shells
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US, UK (2004)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$175.6 million (2000)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food and beverages, tobacco, clothing, manufactures, construction materials
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US, UK (2004)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$4.1 million (1997)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
US dollar (USD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
the US dollar is used
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5,700 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1,700 (1999)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: fully digital system with international direct dialing
domestic: full range of services available
international: country code - 1-649; 2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
0 (broadcasts from The Bahamas are received; 2 cable television networks) (2004)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.tc
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1,488 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
   Transportation    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2005)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2005)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 121 km
paved: 24 km
unpaved: 97 km (2003)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Grand Turk, Providenciales
   Military    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Turks and Caicos Islands Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
have received Haitians fleeing economic and civil disorder
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
transshipment point for South American narcotics destined for the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook