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Tromelin Island
(possession of France)

 
Flag of Tromelin Island
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Coordinates:
15.87 S  54.42 E

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Tromelin Island

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
First explored by the French in 1776, the island came under the jurisdiction of Reunion in 1814. At present, it serves as a sea turtle sanctuary and is the site of an important meteorological station.
   Geography    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
15 52 S, 54 25 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 1 sq km
land: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
3.7 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low, flat, and sandy; likely volcanic
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 7 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
fish
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (grasses; scattered bushes) (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
climatologically important location for forecasting cyclones; wildlife sanctuary (seabirds, tortoises)
   People    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
uninhabited, except for visits by scientists (July 2006 est.)
   Government    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Tromelin Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Tromelin
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
possession of France; administered by the Administrateur Superieur of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used
   Economy    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
no economic activity
   Communications    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Communications - note:
Definition Field Listing
important meteorological station
   Transportation    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1 (2005)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2005)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Tromelin Island Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
claimed by Mauritius

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook