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Mayotte
(territorial collectivity of France)

 
Flag of Mayotte
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Coordinates:
12.83 S  45.17 E

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Mayotte Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Mayotte was ceded to France along with the other islands of the Comoros group in 1843. It was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forego independence.
   Geography    Mayotte Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-half of the way from northern Madagascar to northern Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
12 50 S, 45 10 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 374 sq km
land: 374 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
185.2 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Benara 660 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
NEGL
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA%
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
cyclones during rainy season
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
part of Comoro Archipelago; 18 islands
   People    Mayotte Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
201,234 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 46% (male 46,512/female 46,067)
15-64 years: 52.3% (male 56,899/female 48,274)
65 years and over: 1.7% (male 1,756/female 1,726) (2006 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 17 years
male: 18 years
female: 16 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.77% (2006 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
40.95 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7.7 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
4.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.18 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.02 male(s)/female
total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 60.76 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 66.76 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 54.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 61.76 years
male: 59.57 years
female: 64.02 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5.79 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Mahorais (singular and plural)
adjective: Mahoran
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Muslim 97%, Christian (mostly Roman Catholic)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Mahorian (a Swahili dialect), French (official language) spoken by 35% of the population
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: NA
male: NA
female: NA
   Government    Mayotte Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Mayotte
conventional short form: Mayotte
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
territorial collectivity of France
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Mamoutzou
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
none (territorial collectivity of France)
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (territorial collectivity of France)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
French law
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: President Jacques CHIRAC of France (since 17 May 1995), represented by Prefect Jean-Paul KIHL (since 17 January 2005)
head of government: President of the General Council Said Omar OILI (since 8 April 2004)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of the Interior; president of the General Council elected by the members of the General Council for a six-year term; next election to be held in 2010
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms)
elections: last held 21 and 28 March 2004 (next to be held in 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - MDM 23.3%, UMP 22.8%, PS 10.2%, MRC 8.9%, FRAP 6.5%, MPM 1.2%; seats by party - MDM 6, UMP 9, MRC 2, MPM 1, diverse left 1
note: Mayotte elects one member of the French Senate; elections last held 24 September 2001 (next to be held September 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; Mayotte also elects one member to the French National Assembly; elections last held 16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - UMP-RPR 55.08%, UDF 44.92%; seats by party - UMP-RPR 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Supreme Court or Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Democratic Front or FD [Youssouf MOUSSA]; Mahoran Popular Movement or MPM [Ahmed MADI]; Federation of Mahorans or RPR (UMP) [Mansour KAMARDINE]; Force of the Rally and the Alliance for Democracy or FRAP; Movement for Department Status Mayotte or MDM [Mouhoutar SALIM]; Renewed Communist Party of Mayotte or MRC [Omar SIMBA]; Socialist Party or PS (local branch of French Parti Socialiste) [Ibrahim ABUBACAR]; Union for French Democracy or UDF [Henri JEAN-BAPTISTE]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territorial collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (territorial collectivity of France)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
unofficial, local flag with the coat of arms of Mayotte centered on a white field, above which the name of the island appears in red capital letters; the main elements of the coat of arms, flanked on either side by a seahorse, appear above a scroll with the motto RA HACHIRI (We are Vigilant); the only official flag is the national flag of France
   Economy    Mayotte Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Economic activity is based primarily on the agricultural sector, including fishing and livestock raising. Mayotte is not self-sufficient and must import a large portion of its food requirements, mainly from France. The economy and future development of the island are heavily dependent on French financial assistance, an important supplement to GDP. Mayotte's remote location is an obstacle to the development of tourism.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$466.8 million (2003 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$2,600 (2003 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
44,560 (2002)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
32.8% (2003)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $NA
expenditures: $73 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (1991 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), coffee, copra
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
newly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA kWh
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA kWh
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$4.85 million f.o.b. (1997)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
ylang-ylang (perfume essence), vanilla, copra, coconuts, coffee, cinnamon
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 80%, Comoros 15%, Reunion (2004)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$256.7 million f.o.b. (2004)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, machinery and equipment, transportation equipment, metals, chemicals
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
France 66%, Africa 14%, Southeast Asia 11% (2004)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$107.7 million; note - extensive French financial assistance (1995)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Mayotte Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
10,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
48,100 (2004)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: small system administered by French Department of Posts and Telecommunications
domestic: NA
international: country code - 269; microwave radio relay and HF radiotelephone communications to Comoros
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (2001)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
3 (2001)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.yt
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
   Transportation    Mayotte Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2005)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 93 km
paved: 72 km
unpaved: 21 km
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Dzaoudzi
   Military    Mayotte Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France; small contingent of French forces stationed on the island
   Transnational Issues    Mayotte Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
claimed by Comoros

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook