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Kuwait

 
Flag of Kuwait
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Coordinates:
29.50 N  47.75 E

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Kuwait

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Kuwait Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91.
   Geography    Kuwait Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
29 30 N, 45 45 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Middle East
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 17,820 sq km
land: 17,820 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 462 km
border countries: Iraq 240 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km
Coastline:
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499 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate:
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dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters
Terrain:
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flat to slightly undulating desert plain
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 306 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0.84%
permanent crops: 0.17%
other: 98.99% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
130 sq km (2003)
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April and bring heavy rain, which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
   People    Kuwait Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2,418,393
note: includes 1,291,354 non-nationals (July 2006 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 26.9% (male 331,768/female 319,895)
15-64 years: 70.3% (male 1,085,721/female 613,746)
65 years and over: 2.8% (male 42,460/female 24,803) (2006 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 25.9 years
male: 28 years
female: 22.3 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
3.52%
note: this rate reflects a return to pre-Gulf crisis immigration of expatriates (2006 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
21.94 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.41 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
15.66 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.77 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.71 male(s)/female
total population: 1.52 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 9.71 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.72 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 77.2 years
male: 76.13 years
female: 78.31 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.91 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0.12% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Kuwaiti(s)
adjective: Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups:
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Kuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Muslim 85% (Sunni 70%, Shi'a 30%), Christian, Hindu, Parsi, and other 15%
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Arabic (official), English widely spoken
Literacy:
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definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 83.5%
male: 85.1%
female: 81.7% (2003 est.)
   Government    Kuwait Top of Page
Country name:
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conventional long form: State of Kuwait
conventional short form: Kuwait
local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt
local short form: Al Kuwayt
Government type:
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constitutional hereditary emirate
Capital:
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Kuwait
Administrative divisions:
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6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah); Al Ahmadi, Al 'Asimah, Al Farwaniyah, Al Jahra', Hawalli, Mubarak Al Kabir
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
19 June 1961 (from UK)
National holiday:
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National Day, 25 February (1950)
Constitution:
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approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
Legal system:
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civil law system with Islamic law significant in personal matters; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
adult males who are not in the military forces, and adult females (as of 16 May 2005); all voters must have been citizens for 20 years
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Amir SABAH al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (since 29 January 2006); Crown Prince NAWAF al-Ahmad al-Sabah
head of government: Prime Minister NASIR al-Muhammad al-Ahmad al-Sabah (since 7 February 2006); First Deputy Prime Minister JABIR Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006); Deputy Prime Ministers MUHAMMAD al-Sabah al-Salim al-Sabah (since 9 February 2006) and Ismail al-SHATTI (since 10 July 2006)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the prime minister and approved by the amir
elections: none; the amir is hereditary; prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the amir
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (50 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 29 June 2006 (next to be held in 2010)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - NA; note - all cabinet ministers are also ex officio members of the National Assembly
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
High Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
none; formation of political parties is illegal
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
a number of political groups act as de facto parties; several legislative blocs operate in the National Assembly: tribal groups, merchants, Shi'a activists, Islamists, and secular liberals
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AMF, BDEAC, CAEU, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNITAR, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador SALIM Abdallah al-Jabir al-Sabah
chancery: 2940 Tilden Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 966-0702
FAX: [1] (202) 364-2868
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador Richard LEBARON
embassy: Bayan 36302, Area 14, Al-Masjed Al-Aqsa Street (near the Bayan palace), Kuwait City
mailing address: P. O. Box 77 Safat 13001 Kuwait; or PSC 1280 APO AE 09880-9000
telephone: [965] 259-1001, 259-1002
FAX: [965] 259-1438, 538-0282
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red with a black trapezoid based on the hoist side; design, which dates to 1961, based on the Arab revolt flag of World War I
   Economy    Kuwait Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Kuwait is a small, rich, relatively open economy with self-reported crude oil reserves of about 96 billion barrels - 10% of world reserves. Petroleum accounts for nearly half of GDP, 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait's climate limits agricultural development. Consequently, with the exception of fish, it depends almost wholly on food imports. About 75% of potable water must be distilled or imported. Kuwait continues its discussions with foreign oil companies to develop fields in the northern part of the country.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$44.77 billion (2005 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
$52.76 billion (2005 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.8% (2005 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$19,200 (2005 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 0.4%
industry: 47.9%
services: 51.6% (2005 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.67 million
note: non-Kuwaitis represent about 80% of the labor force (2005 est.)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.2% (2004 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.1% (2005 est.)
Investment (gross fixed):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
14.3% of GDP (2005 est.)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $47.21 billion
expenditures: $20.77 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2005 est.)
Public debt:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
12.1% of GDP (2005 est.)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
practically no crops; fish
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, desalination, food processing, construction materials
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
13.1% (2005 est.)
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
38.19 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
35.52 billion kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.418 million bbl/day (2005 est.)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
305,000 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.97 million bbl/day (2003)
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Oil - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
96.5 billion bbl (2005 est.)
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8.3 billion cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8.3 billion cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2002 est.)
Natural gas - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2002 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.572 trillion cu m (2005)
Current account balance:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$26.92 billion (2005 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$44.43 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
oil and refined products, fertilizers
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Japan 21.2%, South Korea 13.4%, US 12.8%, Singapore 10.2%, Taiwan 9.7%, Netherlands 4.7% (2005)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$12.23 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
food, construction materials, vehicles and parts, clothing
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US 14.2%, Germany 11.3%, Japan 8.5%, UK 6%, Saudi Arabia 5%, France 4.9%, China 4.5% (2005)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$8.972 billion (2005 est.)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$16.12 billion (2005 est.)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA (2001)
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Kuwaiti dinars per US dollar - 0.292 (2005), 0.2947 (2004), 0.298 (2003), 0.3039 (2002), 0.3067 (2001)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Kuwait Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
497,000 (2004)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2 million (2004)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: the quality of service is excellent
domestic: new telephone exchanges provide a large capacity for new subscribers; trunk traffic is carried by microwave radio relay, coaxial cable, and open-wire and fiber-optic cable; a cellular telephone system operates throughout Kuwait, and the country is well supplied with pay telephones
international: country code - 965; coaxial cable and microwave radio relay to Saudi Arabia; linked to Bahrain, Qatar, UAE via the Fiber-Optic Gulf (FOG) cable; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean, 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean), and 2 Arabsat
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 6, FM 11, shortwave 1 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
13 (plus several satellite channels) (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.kw
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2,439 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
600,000 (2005)
   Transportation    Kuwait Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 4
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2005)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 3
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
under 914 m: 2 (2005)
Heliports:
Definition Field Listing
4 (2005)
Pipelines:
Definition Field Listing
gas 169 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2004)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4,450 km
paved: 3,587 km
unpaved: 863 km (1999)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 38 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,294,233 GRT/3,730,776 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 2, cargo 1, container 6, liquefied gas 5, livestock carrier 4, petroleum tanker 20
foreign-owned: 1 (Iran 1)
registered in other countries: 29 (Bahrain 3, Comoros 1, Liberia 1, Libya 1, Panama 2, Qatar 7, Saudi Arabia 6, UAE 8) (2005)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Ash Shu'aybah, Ash Shuwaykh, Az Zawr (Mina' Sa'ud), Mina' 'Abd Allah, Mina' al Ahmadi
   Military    Kuwait Top of Page
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
Land Forces, Navy, Air Force (includes Air Defense Force), National Guard (2002)
Military service age and obligation:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; since 1999 women have served in police forces (2001)
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 864,745
females age 18-49: 467,120 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 737,292
females age 18-49: 405,207 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 18,743
females age 18-49: 20,065 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - dollar figure:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$3.01 billion (2005 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.2% (2005 est.)
   Transnational Issues    Kuwait Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue negotiating a joint maritime boundary with Iran; no maritime boundary exists with Iraq in the Persian Gulf

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook