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Juan de Nova Island
(possession of France)

 
Flag of Juan de Nova Island
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Coordinates:
17.05 S  42.75 E

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Juan de Nova Island

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
Named after a famous 15th century Spanish navigator and explorer, the island has been a French possession since 1897. It has been exploited for its guano and phosphate. Presently a small military garrison oversees a meteorological station.
   Geography    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southern Africa, island in the Mozambique Channel, about one-third of the way between Madagascar and Mozambique
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
17 03 S, 42 45 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Africa
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4.4 sq km
land: 4.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about seven times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
24.1 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low and flat
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 10 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
guano deposits and other fertilizers
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (90% forest) (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
0 sq km
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
periodic cyclones
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
wildlife sanctuary
   People    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
no indigenous inhabitants
note: there is a small French military garrison along with a few meteorologists; occasionally visited by scientists (July 2006 est.)
   Government    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Juan de Nova Island
local long form: none
local short form: Ile Juan de Nova
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
possession of France; administered by the Administrateur Superieur of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of France, where applicable, apply
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of France is used
   Economy    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Up to 12,000 tons of guano are mined per year.
   Communications    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Communications - note:
Definition Field Listing
1 meteorological station
   Transportation    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1 (2005)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2005)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
none; offshore anchorage only
   Military    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France
   Transnational Issues    Juan de Nova Island Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
claimed by Madagascar

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook