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Dhekelia
(UK sovereign base area)

 
Flag of Dhekelia
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Coordinates:
34.98 N  33.75 E

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Dhekelia

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Dhekelia Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The larger of these is the Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Eastern Sovereign Base Area.
   Geography    Dhekelia Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
on the southeast coast of Cyprus near Famagusta
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
34 59 N, 33 45 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Middle East
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 130.8 sq km
note: area surrounds three Cypriot enclaves
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about three-quarters the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: NA; note - boundary with Cyprus is being resurveyed
Coastline:
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27.5 km
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
netting and trapping of small migrant songbirds in the spring and autumn
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus
   People    Dhekelia Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
no indigenous personnel
note: approximately 2,200 military personnel are on the base; there are another 5,000 British citizens who are families of military personnel or civilian staff on both the bases of Akrotiri and Dhekelia; Cyprus citizens work on the base, but do not live there
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English, Greek
   Government    Dhekelia Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Dhekelia Sovereign Base Area
conventional short form: Dhekelia
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of UK; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
Capital:
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Episkopi Cantonment; located in Akrotiri
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Administrator Maj. Gen. Peter Tomas Clayton PEARSON (since 9 May 2003); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defence
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of the UK is used
   Economy    Dhekelia Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Dhekelia. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
none
   Communications    Dhekelia Top of Page
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
FM 1 (located in Akrotiri)
note: British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia (2006)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia (2006)

   Military    Dhekelia Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
includes Dheklia Garrison and Ayios Nikolaos Station connected by a roadway

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook