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Cayman Islands
(overseas territory of the UK)

 
Flag of Cayman Islands
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Coordinates:
19.50 N  80.50 W

 
 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Cayman Islands

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
The Cayman Islands were colonized from Jamaica by the British during the 18th and 19th centuries, and were administered by Jamaica after 1863. In 1959, the islands became a territory within the Federation of the West Indies, but when the Federation dissolved in 1962, the Cayman Islands chose to remain a British dependency.
   Geography    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Caribbean, three island (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) group in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of Jamaica
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
19 30 N, 80 30 W
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 262 sq km
land: 262 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
0 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
160 km
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: The Bluff (Cayman Brac) 43 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 3.85%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 96.15% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
hurricanes (July to November)
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
no natural fresh water resources; drinking water supplies must be met by rainwater catchments
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
important location between Cuba and Central America
   People    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
45,436
note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2006 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 20.7% (male 4,708/female 4,700)
15-64 years: 70.9% (male 15,707/female 16,504)
65 years and over: 8.4% (male 1,793/female 2,024) (2006 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 37.2 years
male: 36.8 years
female: 37.5 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
2.56% (2006 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
12.74 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.89 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
17.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population
note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2006 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.81 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 80.07 years
male: 77.45 years
female: 82.74 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.9 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Caymanian(s)
adjective: Caymanian
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
United Church (Presbyterian and Congregational), Anglican, Baptist, Church of God, other Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98%
male: 98%
female: 98% (1970 est.)
   Government    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Cayman Islands
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of the UK
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
British crown colony
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
George Town (Grand Cayman)
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
8 districts; Creek, Eastern, Midland, South Town, Spot Bay, Stake Bay, West End, Western
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Constitution Day, first Monday in July
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
1959; revised 1962, 1972, and 1994
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
British common law and local statutes
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); Governor Stuart JACK (since 23 November 2005)
head of government: Leader of Government Business Kurt TIBBETTS (since 18 May 2005)
cabinet: Executive Council (three members appointed by the governor, four members elected by the Legislative Assembly)
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or coalition is appointed by the governor Leader of Government Business
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral Legislative Assembly (18 seats, 3 appointed members from the Executive Council and 15 elected by popular vote; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 11 May 2005 (next to be held in 2009)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PPM 9, UDP 5, independent 1
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Summary Court; Grand Court; Cayman Islands Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
no national teams (loose groupings of political organizations) were formed for the 2000 elections; United Democratic Party or UDP [leader McKeeva BUSH]; People's Progressive Movement or PPM [leader Kurt TIBBETTS]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
blue, with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Caymanian coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms includes a pineapple and turtle above a shield with three stars (representing the three islands) and a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto HE HATH FOUNDED IT UPON THE SEAS
   Economy    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 40,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 1998, including almost 600 banks and trust companies; banking assets exceed $500 billion. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.2 million in 1997, with 600,000 from the US. About 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy one of the highest outputs per capita and one of the highest standards of living in the world.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.391 billion (2004 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.7% (2002 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$32,300 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 3.2%
services: 95.4% (1994 est.)
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
19,820 (1995)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 12.6%
services: 86% (1995)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4.1% (1997)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2.8% (2002)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $265.2 million
expenditures: $248.9 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (1997)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
vegetables, fruit; livestock; turtle farming
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
441.9 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
411 million kWh (2003)
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
0 kWh (2003)
Oil - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 bbl/day (2003)
Oil - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
2,450 bbl/day (2003 est.)
Oil - exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Oil - imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA bbl/day
Natural gas - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2003 est.)
Natural gas - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0 cu m (2003 est.)
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.2 million (1999)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
turtle products, manufactured consumer goods
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
mostly US (2004)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$457.4 million (1999)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
foodstuffs, manufactured goods
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
US, Trinidad and Tobago, UK, Netherlands Antilles, Japan (2004)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$70 million (1996)
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
$NA
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
Caymanian dollar (KYD)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
Caymanian dollars per US dollar - 0.82 (29 October 2001), 0.83 (3 November 1995), 0.85 (22 November 1993)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
1 April - 31 March
   Communications    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
38,000 (2002)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
17,000 (2002)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: reasonably good system
domestic: liberalization of telecom market in 2003 reflected in falling prices and improving services
international: country code - 1-345; 2 submarine fiber optic cables (Maya-1, Cayman-Jamaica); satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (2004)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
4 with cable system (2004)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.ky
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
5,069 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
9,909 (2003)
   Transportation    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3 (2005)
Airports - with paved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2005)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
Definition Field Listing
total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2005)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 785 km
paved: 785 km (2002)
Merchant marine:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 132 ships (1000 GRT or over) 2,667,086 GRT/4,255,739 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 33, cargo 14, chemical tanker 38, liquefied gas 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 15, refrigerated cargo 26, roll on/roll off 3, specialized tanker 1
foreign-owned: 130 (Bermuda 2, Denmark 13, Germany 14, Greece 22, Italy 11, Malaysia 1, Norway 2, Philippines 1, Poland 1, Sweden 12, UK 9, US 42) (2005)
Ports and terminals:
Definition Field Listing
Cayman Brac, George Town
   Military    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Force
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 10,703 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 8,600 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 257 (2005 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of the UK
   Transnational Issues    Cayman Islands Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none
Illicit drugs:
Definition Field Listing
offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook