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Akrotiri
(UK sovereign base area)

 
Flag of Akrotiri
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Coordinates:
34.62 N  32.97 E

 

 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Akrotiri

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Akrotiri Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
By terms of the 1960 Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost 254 square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia. The southernmost and smallest of these is the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area, which is also referred to as the Western Sovereign Base Area.
   Geography    Akrotiri Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
peninsula on the southwest coast of Cyprus
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
34 37 N, 32 58 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Middle East
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 123 sq km
note: includes a salt lake and wetlands
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
about 0.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 47.4 km
border countries: Cyprus 47.4 km
Coastline:
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56.3 km
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
shooting around the salt lake; note - breeding place for loggerhead and green turtles; only remaining colony of griffon vultures is on the base
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
British extraterritorial rights also extended to several small off-post sites scattered across Cyprus
   People    Akrotiri Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
no indigenous inhabitants
note: approximately 1,300 military personnel are on the base; there are another 5,000 British citizens who are families of military personnel or civilian staff on both Akrotiri and Dhekelia; Cyprus citizens work on the base, but do not live there
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
English, Greek
   Government    Akrotiri Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area
conventional short form: Akrotiri
Dependency status:
Definition Field Listing
overseas territory of UK; administered by an administrator who is also the Commander, British Forces Cyprus
Capital:
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Episkopi Cantonment; also serves as capital of Dhekelia
Legal system:
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the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Administrator Maj. Gen. Peter Thomas Clayton PEARSON (since 9 May 2003); note - reports to the British Ministry of Defence
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the administrator is appointed by the monarch
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
the flag of the UK is used
   Economy    Akrotiri Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Economic activity is limited to providing services to the military and their families located in Akrotiri. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.
   Communications    Akrotiri Top of Page
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
FM 1
note: British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides Radio 1 and Radio 2 service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia (2006)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides multi-channel satellite service to Akrotiri, Dhekelia, and Nicosia (2006)

   Military    Akrotiri Top of Page
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
Akrotiri has a full RAF base, Headquarters for British Forces on Cyprus, and Episkopi Support Unit

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook