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Andorra

 
Flag of Andorra
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Coordinates:
42.50 N  01.50 E

 

 
Introduction  Geography  People  Government  Economy
 
Communications  Transportation  Military  Transnational Issues

Map of Andorra

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Legend: DefinitionDefinition Field ListingField Listing Rank OrderRank Order
   Introduction    Andorra Top of Page
Background:
Definition Field Listing
For 715 years, from 1278 to 1993, Andorrans lived under a unique co-principality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders (from 1607 onward, the French chief of state and the Spanish bishop of Urgel). In 1993, this feudal system was modified with the titular heads of state retained, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy. Long isolated and impoverished, mountainous Andorra achieved considerable prosperity since World War II through its tourist industry. Many immigrants (legal and illegal) are attracted to the thriving economy with its lack of income taxes.
   Geography    Andorra Top of Page
Location:
Definition Field Listing
Southwestern Europe, between France and Spain
Geographic coordinates:
Definition Field Listing
42 30 N, 1 30 E
Map references:
Definition Field Listing
Europe
Area:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 468 sq km
land: 468 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative:
Definition Field Listing
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
Definition Field Listing
total: 120.3 km
border countries: France 56.6 km, Spain 63.7 km
Coastline:
Definition Field Listing
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
Definition Field Listing
none (landlocked)
Climate:
Definition Field Listing
temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers
Terrain:
Definition Field Listing
rugged mountains dissected by narrow valleys
Elevation extremes:
Definition Field Listing
lowest point: Riu Runer 840 m
highest point: Coma Pedrosa 2,946 m
Natural resources:
Definition Field Listing
hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Land use:
Definition Field Listing
arable land: 2.13%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.87% (2005)
Irrigated land:
Definition Field Listing
NA
Natural hazards:
Definition Field Listing
avalanches
Environment - current issues:
Definition Field Listing
deforestation; overgrazing of mountain meadows contributes to soil erosion; air pollution; wastewater treatment and solid waste disposal
Environment - international agreements:
Definition Field Listing
party to: Hazardous Wastes
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
Definition Field Listing
landlocked; straddles a number of important crossroads in the Pyrenees
   People    Andorra Top of Page
Population:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
71,201 (July 2006 est.)
Age structure:
Definition Field Listing
0-14 years: 14.7% (male 5,456/female 4,994)
15-64 years: 71.4% (male 26,632/female 24,172)
65 years and over: 14% (male 4,918/female 5,029) (2006 est.)
Median age:
Definition Field Listing
total: 40.9 years
male: 41.2 years
female: 40.7 years (2006 est.)
Population growth rate:
Definition Field Listing
0.89% (2006 est.)
Birth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
8.71 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Death rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
6.25 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Net migration rate:
Definition Field Listing
6.47 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
Sex ratio:
Definition Field Listing
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 4.04 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total population: 83.51 years
male: 80.61 years
female: 86.61 years (2006 est.)
Total fertility rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
1.3 children born/woman (2006 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA
Nationality:
Definition Field Listing
noun: Andorran(s)
adjective: Andorran
Ethnic groups:
Definition Field Listing
Spanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
Religions:
Definition Field Listing
Roman Catholic (predominant)
Languages:
Definition Field Listing
Catalan (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Literacy:
Definition Field Listing
definition: NA
total population: 100%
male: 100%
female: 100%
   Government    Andorra Top of Page
Country name:
Definition Field Listing
conventional long form: Principality of Andorra
conventional short form: Andorra
local long form: Principat d'Andorra
local short form: Andorra
Government type:
Definition Field Listing
parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains as its chiefs of state a coprincipality; the two princes are the president of France and bishop of Seo de Urgel, Spain, who are represented locally by coprinces' representatives
Capital:
Definition Field Listing
Andorra la Vella
Administrative divisions:
Definition Field Listing
7 parishes (parroquies, singular - parroquia); Andorra la Vella, Canillo, Encamp, Escaldes-Engordany, La Massana, Ordino, Sant Julia de Loria
Independence:
Definition Field Listing
1278 (formed under the joint suzerainty of the French count of Foix and the Spanish bishop of Urgel)
National holiday:
Definition Field Listing
Our Lady of Meritxell Day, 8 September (1278)
Constitution:
Definition Field Listing
Andorra's first written constitution was drafted in 1991, approved by referendum 14 March 1993, effective 4 May 1993
Legal system:
Definition Field Listing
based on French and Spanish civil codes; no judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
Definition Field Listing
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
Definition Field Listing
chief of state: French Coprince Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995), represented by Philippe MASSONI (since 26 July 2002); Spanish Coprince Bishop Joan Enric VIVES i SICILIA (since 12 May 2003), represented by Nemesi MARQUES i OSTE (since NA)
head of government: Executive Council President Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA (since 27 May 2005)
cabinet: Executive Council or Govern designated by the Executive Council president
elections: Executive Council president elected by the General Council and formally appointed by the coprinces for a four-year term; election last held 24 April 2005 (next to be held April-May 2009)
election results: Albert PINTAT SANTOLARIA elected executive council president; percent of General Council vote - NA
Legislative branch:
Definition Field Listing
unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de las Valls (28 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote, 14 from a single national constituency and 14 to represent each of the seven parishes; members serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 24 April 2005 (next to be held March-April 2009)
election results: percent of vote by party - PLA 41.2%, PS 38.1%, CDA-S21 11%, other 9.7%; seats by party - PLA 14, PS 12, CDA-S21 2
Judicial branch:
Definition Field Listing
Tribunal of Judges or Tribunal de Batlles; Tribunal of the Courts or Tribunal de Corts; Supreme Court of Justice of Andorra or Tribunal Superior de Justicia d'Andorra; Supreme Council of Justice or Consell Superior de la Justicia; Fiscal Ministry or Ministeri Fiscal; Constitutional Tribunal or Tribunal Constitucional
Political parties and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
Andorran Democratic Center Party or CDA (formerly Democratic Party or PD); Century 21 or S21 [Enric TARRADO]; Liberal Party of Andorra or PLA (formerly Liberal Union or UL) [Albert PINTAT]; Social Democratic Party or PS (formerly part of National Democratic Group or AND) [Jaume BARTUMEU CASSANY]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Definition Field Listing
NA
International organization participation:
Definition Field Listing
CE, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFRCS, Interpol, IOC, IPU, ITU, OIF (associate member), OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WToO, WTO (observer)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
Definition Field Listing
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jelena V. PIA-COMELLA
chancery: 2 United Nations Plaza, 25th Floor, New York, NY 10017
telephone: [1] (212) 750-8064
FAX: [1] (212) 750-6630
Diplomatic representation from the US:
Definition Field Listing
the US does not have an embassy in Andorra; the US Ambassador to Spain is accredited to Andorra; US interests in Andorra are represented by the Consulate General's office in Barcelona (Spain); mailing address: Paseo Reina Elisenda de Montcada, 23, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; telephone: [34] (93) 280-2227; FAX: [34] (93) 280-6175
Flag description:
Definition Field Listing
three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, and red with the national coat of arms centered in the yellow band; the coat of arms features a quartered shield; similar to the flags of Chad and Romania, which do not have a national coat of arms in the center, and the flag of Moldova, which does bear a national emblem
   Economy    Andorra Top of Page
Economy - overview:
Definition Field Listing
Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's tiny, well-to-do economy, accounts for more than 80% of GDP. An estimated 11.6 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and by its summer and winter resorts. Andorra's comparative advantage has recently eroded as the economies of neighboring France and Spain have been opened up, providing broader availability of goods and lower tariffs. The banking sector, with its partial "tax haven" status, also contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited - only 2% of the land is arable - and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is sheep raising. Manufacturing output consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars, and furniture. Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union and is treated as an EU member for trade in manufactured goods (no tariffs) and as a non-EU member for agricultural products.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.84 billion (2004)
GDP (official exchange rate):
Definition Field Listing
NA
GDP - real growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
4% (2004 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$24,000 (2004)
GDP - composition by sector:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
48,740 (2004)
Labor force - by occupation:
Definition Field Listing
agriculture: 0.34%
industry: 19.63%
services: 80.03% (2004)
Unemployment rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
0% (1996 est.)
Population below poverty line:
Definition Field Listing
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
Definition Field Listing
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
3.4% (2004)
Budget:
Definition Field Listing
revenues: $373.5 million
expenditures: $373.5 million; including capital expenditures of $NA (2004)
Agriculture - products:
Definition Field Listing
small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables; sheep
Industries:
Definition Field Listing
tourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking
Industrial production growth rate:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA%
Electricity - production:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA kWh
Electricity - consumption:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
NA kWh
Electricity - exports:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh
Electricity - imports:
Definition Field Listing
NA kWh; note - most electricity supplied by Spain and France; Andorra generates a small amount of hydropower
Exports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$145 million f.o.b. (2004)
Exports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
tobacco products, furniture
Exports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Spain 58%, France 34% (2004)
Imports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$1.077 billion (1998)
Imports - commodities:
Definition Field Listing
consumer goods, food, electricity
Imports - partners:
Definition Field Listing
Spain 51.5%, France 22.3%, US 0.3% (2004)
Debt - external:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
$NA
Economic aid - recipient:
Definition Field Listing
none
Currency (code):
Definition Field Listing
euro (EUR)
Exchange rates:
Definition Field Listing
euros per US dollar - 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002), 1.1175 (2001)
Fiscal year:
Definition Field Listing
calendar year
   Communications    Andorra Top of Page
Telephones - main lines in use:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
35,000 (2001)
Telephones - mobile cellular:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
51,900 (2003)
Telephone system:
Definition Field Listing
general assessment: NA
domestic: modern system with microwave radio relay connections between exchanges
international: country code - 376; landline circuits to France and Spain
Radio broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
AM 0, FM 15, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations:
Definition Field Listing
0 (1997)
Internet country code:
Definition Field Listing
.ad
Internet hosts:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
7,058 (2005)
Internet users:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
11,000 (2004)
   Transportation    Andorra Top of Page
Airports:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
none (2005)
Roadways:
Definition Field Listing Rank Order
total: 269 km
paved: 198 km
unpaved: 71 km
   Military    Andorra Top of Page
Military branches:
Definition Field Listing
no regular military forces, Police Service of Andorra
Manpower available for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 18,418 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 14,721 (2005 est.)
Manpower reaching military service age annually:
Definition Field Listing
males age 18-49: 369 (2005 est.)
Military - note:
Definition Field Listing
defense is the responsibility of France and Spain
   Transnational Issues    Andorra Top of Page
Disputes - international:
Definition Field Listing
none

This page was last updated on 20 July, 2006


Source: CIA Factbook